varicose veins

Veins are the tubes which carry blood back to the heart.

Varicose veins are caused by leaky valves which result in abnormally high pressure in surface veins which become stretched and bulge.

A variety of symptoms may be caused by varicose veins, the most serious risk being ulceration (skin breakdown) due to varicose eczema.

leaky valves, varicose veins

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Varicose Veins:

The anatomy of veins is rather variable from person to person and so the assessment of patients with varicose veins requires a thorough examination to show the precise cause in each individual. Ultrasound examination of the veins of the leg is used routinely to map the veins and show any leaky valves, in order to work out the best treatment. 

Most varicose veins - including recurrent veins which persist or come back after unsuccessful surgical operations - can be treated by modern minimally invasive treatments, e.g. EVLT (endovenous laser treatment) or ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, which are usually performed under local anaesthesia.

Examples of pictures taken before and after treatment with EVLT

after EVLT, four weeks
after EVLT, two weeks